William Thomas Craddock

Date of birth: 4th quarter 1896
Place of birth: Southampton
Date of marriage: 27th June 1917
Place of marriage: Southampton
Serial No.: 35338
Rank: Private
Regiment / Division: Hampshire
Battalion: 1/4th (T.F). Battalion
Died: 30th September 1918 aged 21 years
Death location: India

Before the War
William was born in Southampton in 1896 to Frederick (1873 – 1907) and Alice Craddock. (nee Dear 1875 – 1969).  His parents married in Southampton in 1892.

William’s 6  siblings were:

Frederick  (1892 – 29/04/1952).  Married Daisy A Southwell in 1919.
Edwin Charles (09/02/1895 – 1977).  Married Dora F K Dragon in Southampton in 1927.
Alfred John  (1898 – 1927).  Married Minnie Simmons in Southampton in 1925.
Florence May  (08/01/1901 – 1977).  Married John Minchella in 1922.
Thomas  (14/08/1903 – 1986).
Percy James  (08/11/1906 – 1990)

In the 1901 census William is living with his parents, brothers Frederick, Edwin and Alfred, and sister Florence at 99 Millbank Street, St Marys, Southampton.  His father is employed as a Stoker at the gas works.

William’s father died in 1907 and his mother Alice married Job Jarvis in 1909.

The 1911 census shows that William’s mother Alice is living with her children Frederick, Edwin, Alfred, Thomas, Percy and Florence, at 24 Upper York Street, Northam, Southampton. Also living there is her son George Jarvis, aged 1.  William is living at the Seaman’s boys Orphanage, Tremona Court, Shirley Warren. Southampton.

On 27 June 1917 William married Edith Martha Sellence (b 27 Oct 1899 – 1987) and they had a daughter Edith Alice (10/04/1917 – 15/11/2004).

Edith Alice married Frank Henry Burden (19/10/1917 – 26/09/1996) on 31st August 1935.  Frank Henry was the son of Charles Edward Burden who served in the Northumberland Fusiliers.  Charles died 14th February 1919 and is also named on the Cenotaph and Memorial Wall.  Please select Charles’s name if you want to read his story.

After William died Edith Martha married Alfred Henry Snow (1886 – 1962) in 1920. They had 5 children:

Fanny L H  (1921).  Married Stanley R Starmes in 1946.
Laura A  (1923 – 1996).  Married Charles E Jackson in 1948.
Cecil W A  (1926).  Married Doris Denton in 1963.
Eila A V  (1928).  Married Colin I G Stuart in 1953.
Sylvia J  (1938).  Married Terrence Leggett in 1960

Military History
William volunteered in March 1915 into the Hampshire Regiment 1st/4th Battalion which was part of the Territorial Force.  This Battalion was part of the Wessex Division and in August 1914 it was stationed in Winchester.  On 9th October 1914 the men sailed to India and arrived in Karachi on 11th November 1914.  At the time that William volunteered the Battalion had transferred to Basra with the 33rd Indian Brigade and remained in Mesopotamia and Persia for the remainder of the war.

William was first drafted to India where he was on garrison duty.  He later transferred to Mesopotamia and fought there for 12 months.  He returned to India and died of fever on 30th September 1918.  His widow, Edith, received the Memorial Scroll and Bronze Plaque. These were given to the relatives of the men and women whose deaths were attributable to the Great War of 1914-1918.

He was awarded the Victory medal and the British War medal.

William is remembered at Tehran War Cemetery, reference 0 V. D. 12.  This cemetery is located in the British Embassy residential compound at Gulhek, at 34 Doyat Street, Sharariati Avenue, Tehran.  The War Cemetery was built in 1962 and there are 412 Commonwealth burials from the First World War.  The Tehran Memorial commemorates casualties from United Kingdom, India and New Zealand who died during the campaign in Persia (now Iran), from both World Wars, and this is situated within the cemetery.

Researcher: Jackie Chandler
Published: 22nd November 2013
Updated: Insert dates here

If you have any additional information about the person named above please complete the Comments section below.

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