|Date of birth:||January 1892|
|Place of birth:||South Stoneham, Southampton|
|Regiment:||Household Cavalry and Cavalry of the Line|
|Battalion:||9th (Queen’s Royal) Lancers|
|Died:||13th May 1915 aged 23 or 24 years|
|Death location:||Second Battle of Ypres, France and Flanders|
Life before the War
Jim was born in 1892 to William and Alice in South Stoneham, Southampton, the 8th of their 10 children. William was born in 1856 in North Shields, Northumberland; Alice was born in 1859 in Sheffield, which is where William and Alice married in 1880. William was a Blacksmith by trade and travelled south for work. On the 1881 census William and Alice are living with William’s parents, Jim and Ann, in Attercliffe cum Darnall, Sheffield, along with their first child, Elizabeth, aged three months, who sadly died shortly afterwards.
The 1891 census records that the family is living in Battersea, with three children born in Sheffield:
Alice – born 1882
William – born 1884
Emma – born 1886
Three children were born in London:
Florence – born 1887
Ernest – born 1888
Morris – 1890. War casualty – died 28th April 1915, just 2 weeks before his brother – at Gallipoli. To read Morris’s story please select the link to his name.
By the 1901 census the family has moved to 104 Cranbury Road, Bishopstoke, and William senior is a Forgeman on the South West Railways. New additions to the family are:
Jim – born 1893 in Southampton
Annie – born 1895 in Southampton
Clara – born in 1896 in Eastleigh
By 1911 the parents are living at 75 Broadlands Road, Portswood with just one son listed – Ernest; Jim is living at 24 Broadlands Road. In the columns for the number of children living and those who had died, nine are listed as living and two have died: these would be Elizabeth, and another not shown on any census. William Sidaway senior died in December 1925, and his wife Alice in December 1938, both in Southampton.
Jim Sidaway joined as a Private in the Household Cavalry and Cavalry of the Line in the 9th (Queen’s Royal) Lancers. Although engaged in combat for the whole of the war, the Lancers only operated as a cavalry unit during 1914. This was due to the widespread use of machine guns and shelling and also the advent of the tank. For the remainder of the war they operated as infantry in the trenches.
The Second Battle of Ypres, as it is known in British military history, encompassed four battles in the northern sector of the Ypres Salient. The first of these began on 22nd April 1915 as a surprise attack by the German 4th Army on the French sector of the Allied Front Line. This attack witnessed the first use of a new German weapon on the Western Front – a cloud of poisonous gas. Its deadly effect was carried on a gentle breeze towards French troops and as a result of its devastating effect on the French, the German infantry made a significant advance into Allied territory within a few hours. During the following four weeks, after the surprise gas cloud attack, the Allied Forces of Belgium, France and Britain fought to hold off the successful German advance and to regain the ground that had been lost north of Ypres. The battle ended on 25th May 1915.
Jim was killed in action on 13th May 1915 during the Second Battle of Ypres and is memorialised at Ypres on panel 5 of The Menin Gate, Belgium.
Jim Sidaway is also memorialised on the Southampton Cenotaph and the World War One tablet inside St Mary’s Church, South Stoneham, Southampton. He was entitled to the 1914/15 Star Campaign Medal, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal.
NB Currently on both the Commonwealth War Graves website and the Forces War Records website, Jim Sidaway is shown as ‘Tim’ Sidaway.
|Published:||2nd July 2015|
|Updated:||Insert dates here|
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