|Date of birth:||1884|
|Place of birth:||Southampton|
|Date of marriage:||1911|
|Place of marriage:||Coventry|
|Died:||12th January 1918 aged 33 years|
|Death location:||Military Hospital, Port Said, Egypt|
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Life Before The War
Howard was the eldest of 7 sons born in Southampton, Hampshire to parents George and Amelia.
George was born in 1859 in Southampton and Amelia was born in 1861 in St. Helier, Jersey, Channel Islands.
In the 1891 census the family were living at 114 Melton Road, Millbrook. Howard’s 6 brothers were:
Stanley Shirvall b.1886 and d.29.10.1958 in Leicester
Gordon De Jersey b.1888
Wesley B b.1890 and d. December 1965
David Chedworth b.1894
Reuben Arnould b.1899 and d.3.2.1970 in Vancouver
Alfred James b.1902
The 1891 census also shows the family had a servant/domestic. In the 1901 census the family had moved and were living at 9 Carlton Crescent, Newtown, Southampton and Howard’s father was a House Decorator/House Agent. Howard was registered as a Teacher and Stanley was a Commercial Clerk.
In the 1911 census the family were still living at 9 Carlton Crescent which was a 13 roomed house with 2 members of staff – a cook/domestic servant and a housemaid / domestic. Howard’s father was a Master House Decorator and House Agent. Howard was a council school Teacher, Stanley was a House Agent/Builder Decorator, Gordon was a House Decorator/Builder and David was a Sanitary Plumber’s Apprentice.
In the 1901 census Georgina Lowing was living at 4 Shirley Road, Shirley, Southampton with her mother, registered as a woman of her own means, and her sister Ellen. Georgina and Ellen were both registered as Teachers. Georgina was born on 28th May 1883 in Bradford, she was baptised on 24th June 1883 in Bradford Cathedral. Her mother was Annie, nee Scollay, and her father was William Henry Lowing, a Sergeant Major with the First West Yorkshire Regiment. At this time they were living at The Barracks, Bradford Moor, West Yorkshire.
In 1911 Georgina was an Assistant School Mistress and living as a boarder at Rosslyn, Kenilworth Road, The Polygon, Southampton. Howard married Georgina in Coventry in December 1911. Howard was a Teacher at Foundry Lane Council School, Southampton. On 27th February 1913 Howard’s only daughter Marion (known as Joyce) was born in Southampton.
Upon Howard’s death Georgina was living at 69 Morris Road, Southampton. The probate article of 4th July 1919 read as follows:
Howard George of Roseleigh, Morris Road, Southampton, Lieutenant in His Majesty’s Army died 12th January 1918 at 31st Military Hospital, Port Said. Probate at Winchester 18 March to Georgina Hallum, widow, and George Smith Hallum builder. Effects £1384.11s.4d. Revoked 16th April 1919.
In 1938 Georgina was living at 35 Stoneham Lane, Southampton and she died in Hulse Road Nursing Home on 7th February 1939 (although she still retained the property in Stoneham Lane). Her will was in favour of her daughter Joyce with Effects of £1505.3s. Joyce was not married at this time.
Howard’s father George died on 11th December 1946 and his mother Amelia died in Southampton in March 1949.
Five of the Hallum sons fought in the Great War – as well as Howard, his brothers Stanley, David, Wesley and Reuben gave service, and as you can see from the above, Howard’s brothers survived.
Howard had been a member of the 5th Hampshire Volunteers since circa 1900 and had reached the rank of Sergeant Major.
The Fall of Jerusalem by E. W. G. Masterman Secretary of British Palestine Society
On October 26th 1917 the final preparations for the advance commenced. The railway was pushed forward from Shellal, fourteen miles south of Gaza on the Wady Ghuzzeh, towards Karm in the direction of Beersheba. Another branch was run to another point on the Beersheba road, El Baggar, and arrangements for watering the troops were made at Wady Asluj, sixteen miles southeast of Gaza.
Still further east our troops in the mountains had captured Dhaheriyeh.
The next day, November 13th, was a day of fierce fighting. The Turks making a brave and obstinate resistance to our advance along their chosen line. El Mesmiyeh, Katrah and Mughar were each taken after heavy fighting. Our line was thus advanced from Et Tineh through Katrah, to Yebnah in the west.
By the 14th our troops occupied the Wady Rubin, with its narrow flowing stream, and due east of this seized the railway in the vicinity of Naameh and El Mansurah, including the junction with the central railway from the north.
On the 15th our troops, after slight resistance, occupied the line Ramleh and Ludd and reached some three miles south of Jaffa. At Abu Shusheh (Gezer) the Yeomanry captured this historic site.
As the British Army advanced very early to Dhaheriyeh they had before them a straight high road to the vine-clad valleys of Hebron. From Hebron to the neighbourhood of Bethlehem the road traverses the ridge of the water shed, and is by no means difficult; there are no deep gorges or precipitous gulleys, and in many places the valleys open out into small plateaus.
With respect to the western approach, Judea always had natural defences of considerable strength. The northern-most of the passes that start in the Vale of Ajalon is the one which, all through history, has been associated with great battles.
Passing from the level plains around Gezer, Wady Selman, or the Valley of Ajalon, runs northeast-ward into the mountains, and from the most eastern end of the wide valley three paths ascend into the hills. Of these the most famous is that by the two Beth-Horons, along which historic battles have been waged of great importance.
Here Joshua fought the Canaanites and drove them in headlong slaughter to the plains. By this route the first Crusaders reached Jerusalem in two days. It was the great high road into the heart of the land from the earliest times to three or four centuries ago, and history repeats itself as we read that the British troops reach Beit-Ur-el-Tahta and Beit-Ur-el-Foka, the two Beth-Horons.
South of this pass is Wady Ali. The road where it runs between high steep hills, would be quite impassable if any adequate defence was put up, and report says that it was strongly fortified.
There are, however, at points (besides the one mentioned above) narrow paths which ascend the hills and reach the high road after it leaves this valley either at Saris or a little further east at Kuriet-el-Enab.
From these places to Jerusalem the road, though rising and falling several times, is by no means impassable for an army. After crossing the deep valley at Kulonyeh, situated in the deep northern arm of the Wady el-Suras, two routes are possible, one to the south by the old road (now much out of repair), another to the north of the main more modern road, and both converge just before the first houses of Jerusalem begin.
The third pass, Wady es Surar, has already been described, and it may be said at once that this deep winding gorge would be quite impossible as a route of military approach unless the hills on each side were first seized, and it is certain that great resistance will be offered to the Army obtaining possession to so vital a thing as the railway.
Howard sailed for India on 13th December 1914. The battalion then left India on 29th April 1917, destination Egypt, arriving in Ismalia on 5th May 1917 where they were then attached to 232nd Brigade in 75th Division. Howard was wounded in November 1917 and died of wounds in Port Said Military Hospital, Egypt on 12th January 1918.
On 20th November Howard was involved in battle among the mountains of Judea, about 12 miles from Jerusalem, along the Jaffa road. It was while he was involved in fighting here that he was hit and injured. He had a rough journey down the mountainside on a mule cart to reach the nearest ambulance. After that a hastily captured Turkish train to get him to Gaza. Transferred then to their own hospital train as far as the line went (they were laying track at about a mile a day). Then by stages to hospital at Port Said. The journey took 10 days. (This information is extracted from letters that Howard wrote to his Mother and kindly provided by one of Joyce’s daughters).
Howard was awarded the Military Cross for distinguished bravery in the field which was announced in The London Gazette date 28th December 1917 – Gazette Number 30450 – The King has been graciously pleased to approve of the reward for distinguished service in the field. Howard George Hallum for an act or acts of exemplary gallantry during active operations against the enemy.
An article in The North Buckinghamshire Times on Tuesday 29th January 1918 states that “while tying up a comrades’ wound he was shot in the spine”. His sister-in-law Mrs Shepherd lived in Bow Brickhill, Buckinghamshire, and gained respect for her charitable work there. She was informed of her brother-in-law’s death in the military hospital in Port Said. The Newspaper “The Schoolmaster” wrote the following tribute to Howard : “Lieutenant Howard George Hallum was a much respected member of staff of Foundry Lane Council School, Southampton, before going abroad. He had been a member of the 5th Hampshire Volunteers for 14 years and was a very popular officer, so much so that he was the recipient of a presentation on his promotion from the men in his company. Quite recently he was awarded the Military Cross for distinguished bravery in the field.”
In addition to the Military Cross, Howard was awarded the Victory Medal and The British War Medal.
|Researcher:||Brenda White with special thanks to Howard’s Granddaughter for her assistance with this story and ensuring it’s accuracy.|
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