Henry Thomas Martin

Date of birth: 19th February 1892
Place of birth: Southampton
Service No.: K.13057 (Po)
Rank: Acting Leading Stoker
Service: Royal Navy
Vessel: HMS Queen Mary
Died: 31st May 1916 aged 24 years
Death location: At sea in the Battle of Jutland



Life before the War
Henry was the eldest of 5 children born to parents Henry T (as given on his son’s war records) and Florence Louise, nee Budd.  Henry T was born in 1873 and Florence was born in Faversham in 1872.  Henry senior’s birth index shows his full name as Thomas Christopher W Martin.

Henry senior and Florence were married  in 1893 in Southampton. Florence died  in 1910.

Henry’s younger siblings – 2 sisters and 2 brothers – were:

Florence b.1897

William G (John William) b.1898

Frederick James b.1900

Lilly b.1901

In the census of 1901 the family lived at 16 Chapel Road, Shirley, Southampton where Henry was employed as a Railway Porter.

By the 1911 census Henry senior was a widower.  He, along with his children (except Florence), lived at 146 Malmesbury Road, Shirley, Southampton. Henry senior was working as a Railway Porter and his son Henry was a Grocer’s Porter.  Also living in the household was Hannah Wren, a widow, and her children.  She was employed as a Cook/Housekeeper.

William’s National Roll of the Great War
“Martin, W. G., Seaman Gunner, R.N., H.M.S. “St. Vincent”
He volunteered at the age of sixteen in August 1914 and served in H.M. Ships “St. Vincent” and “Wolsey”. He saw much service in the North Sea with the Grand Fleet and in May 1916 took part in the Battle of Jutland. He was still in the Royal Navy in 1920 and holds the 1914 – 1915 Star, and the General Service and Victory Medals.
146, Malmesbury Road, Shirley, Southampton”

Frederick’s National Roll of the Great War
“Martin, F.J., Steward, Merchant Service.
He joined in January 1916, and served in H.M.S. “Aquitania” which was used to transport troops from New York to Liverpool and take wounded back to Halifax. He was discharged in August 1918, and hold the General Service and Mercantile Marine War Medals.
146, Malmesbury Road, Shirley, Southampton”


Henry’s War Service

Royal Navy and Royal Marine War Graves Roll

Name: Henry Thomas Martin
Rank: Act Ldg Sto
Birth Date: 19 Feb 1892
Birth Place: Southampton, Hants
Branch of Service: Royal Navy
Cause of Death: Killed or died as a direct result of enemy action
Official Number Port Division: K.13057. (Po)
Death Date: 31 May 1916
Ship or Unit: HMS Queen Mary
Location of Grave: Not recorded
Name and Address of Cemetery: Body Not Recovered For Burial
Relatives Notified and Address: Father: Henry T 14, Malmesbury Rd, Shirley, Southampton, Hants


National Roll of the Great War

Portsmouth Naval Memorial

He enlisted in July 1912 and at the outbreak of war proceeded in his ship to the North Sea, where he served with the Grand Fleet. He took part in the Battle of Heligoland Bight, but lost his life when HMS Queen Mary was sunk by the enemy on May 31st, 1916, during the Battle of Jutland.
He was entitled to the 1914 – 1915 Star, and the General Service and Victory Medals.
146, Malmesbury Road, Shirley, Southampton”

Henry is Remembered with Honour on the Portsmouth Naval Memorial, Southsea Common, Hampshire. His Memorial reads:

“Martin, Ldg. Sto. Henry Thomas, K/13057. R.N. H.M.S. “Queen Mary”. Killed in action at Battle of Jutland 31st May, 1916”


Historical Information – HMS Queen Mary and the Battle of Jutland

HMS Queen Mary

HMS Queen Mary

Steaming in advance of Admiral Sir John Jellicoe’s Grand Fleet, Beatty’s battlecruisers, supported by the battleships of the 5th Battle Squadron, collided with Vice Admiral Franz Hipper’s battlecruisers in the opening phases of the Battle of Jutland.  Engaging at 3:48 p.m. on May 31st, the German fire proved accurate from the outset. At 3:50 p.m. Queen Mary opened fire on SMS Seydlitz with its forward turrets.  As Beatty closed the range Queen Mary scored two hits on its opponent and disabled one of Seydlitz’s aft turrets.  Around 4:15 HMS Lion came under intense fire from Hipper’s ships.  The smoke from this obscured HMS Princess Royal forcing SMS Derfflinger to shift its fire to Queen Mary. As this new enemy engaged the British ship continued to trade hits with Seydlitz.

At 4:26 p.m. a shell from Derfflinger struck Queen Mary detonating one or both of its forward magazines.  The resulting explosion broke the battlecruiser in half near its foremast.  A second shell from Derfflinger may have hit further aft. As the after part of the ship began to roll, it was rocked by large explosion before sinking.  Of Queen Mary’s crew 1,266 were lost while only twenty were rescued.  Though Jutland resulted in a strategic victory for the British, it saw two battlecruisers, HMS Indefatigable and Queen Mary, lost with nearly all hands.  An investigation into the losses led to changes in ammunition handling aboard British ships as the report showed that cordite handling practices may have contributed to the loss of the two battlecruisers.


Researcher: Becky Lonergan
Published: 9th October 2015
Updated: Insert dates here

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