Arthur Reginald Cross


Arthur Reginald Cross pictured in 1916 *

Arthur Reginald Cross pictured in 1916 *

Date of birth: 1887
Place of birth: Frome, Somerset
Date of marriage: 29th October 1908
Place of marriage: Southampton
Service No.: 301474
Rank: Private
Regiment / Division: Durham Light Infantry
Battalion: 2nd / 6th Battalion
Died: 2nd February 1919 aged 31 years
Death location: IFrance


Before the War
Arthur was born in 1887 to John (b.1860 – d.1925) and Isabella Emily Fry Cross (nee Warren b.1850 – d.1897).  Arthur’s parents were married in Allington, Dorset on 18th April 1878.

Arthur’s 6 siblings were:

John Warren (b.1879).  John was christened on 19th January 1879.
Florence Emily Isobel (b.1880).  Married George Bailey in Langport, Somerset in 1901 and in 1911 lived in Taunton, Somerset.
Herbert Daniel (b.1882 – d.20/04/1962)
Ethel Blanche (b.1885)
Lilian Laura (b.03/03/1890 – d.1970).  Married William G Elliott in Frome, Somerset in 1915.
Ruby May (b.1893- d.1906)

Arthur’s mother died in 1897.  His father married again in 1898 to Elizabeth Jane Calcott (nee Hampton b. 1865 – d.1950) and they had 2 children.  Arthur’s half siblings were:

Wesley Claude (b.09/07/1905 – d.06/01/1982).  Married Winifred Edith Rosier (b.12/11/1913 – d.23/02/2002) in Reading on 4th October 1933.
Gwendoline May (b.16/09/1908).  Married William H Heybourne in Reading in 1929.

Elizabeth also had a daughter, Arthur’s step-sister Dorothy Evelyn (22/10/1887 – 1981).  She was known as Evelyn.

On the 1881 census Arthur’s parents are living at Barrack Street, Bridport, Dorset with John and Florence who were born here.  His father is working as a grocer’s assistant.

In 1891 the family are living at 18 Jennings Street, Swindon.  Arthur’s father is now working as a Railway Coach Trimmer and his elder brother, John is a grocer’s errand boy.

By 1901 the census shows that Arthur is living with father and step-mother at Market Street, Alton.  His two sisters Lilian and Ruby and his step-sister Evelyn are also living there.  Arthur is working as an errand boy for a Boot Store.

On 29th October 1908 Arthur married Emily Ellen Bristow (b.1876) in Southampton.  They had two children, Reginald Arthur (b.06/04/1911) and John Wesley (b.29/04/1914 – d.1939).

The 1911 census records Arthur and Emily living at 11 Grove Road, Freemantle, Southampton.  Arthur is working as a Life Assurance Agent.  His father and step-mother are living at 56 Catherine Street, Reading with Arthur’s half siblings Wesley and Gwendoline and step-sister Evelyn.

Military History
Arthur enlisted as Private 5552 into the 2/8th Battalion of the Durham Light Infantry at Winchester on 7th June 1916.  At the time he was working as an Assurance Agent and was living at 118 Archers Road, Eastleigh, Hampshire with his wife and two sons.

He was transferred to the 2/6th Battalion with service number 301474 on 4th July 1917.  This Battalion was formed in September 1914 and at the time that Arthur enlisted it was stationed at Doncaster.  It remained in England until 1st May 1918 when the Battalion was deployed to France, arriving in Calais on 6th May 1918, and joined 177th Brigade of the 59th Division.

From 18th May to 3rd August 1918 Arthur was attached to the Royal Engineers.

On 11th January 1919 he was admitted to the 12th Stationary Hospital, which was posted on the race course near the town at St Pol from 1st June 1916 to 1st June 1919.  It is at this hospital that Arthur died on 2nd February 1919 from Bronchopneumonia.

He was awarded the Victory and the British War Medals and these were sent to his wife, Emily together with the Plaque and Scroll.  She was living at 7 Northumberland Road, Southampton.

Arthur is buried at St. Pol British Cemetery St. Pol-Sur-Ternoise Cemetery, Grave Reference II. E. 8.

He is also remembered on the Brighton War Memorial, Sussex which records his father John as living in Brighton at the time.

*The image of Arthur is produced by permission of the Trustees of the former DLI and Durham County Record Office.  Reference Durham County Record Office D/DLI 7/151/10.

Researcher: Jackie Chandler
Published.: 16th July 2014
Updated: Insert dates here

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