Archibald Hardy

Date of birth: 12th July 1888
Place of birth: Freemantle, Southampton
Regiment: Northumberland Fusiliers
Battalion: 24th (1st Tyneside Irish)
Rank / Service No: Private, 48161
Died: 20th November 1917, aged 29 years
Buried: Wancourt British Cemetery, France (Plot I, Row E. Grave 15)


Archibald was the second of 3 siblings born to Albert and Rose Hardy (nee Wild), who married in Shirley in 1885.


Albert had been married previously, to Caroline Staines. They married in Shirley in 1869, and had 2 children……

Albert Edward   b. 11 December 1870 Freemantle   d. 5 January 1923 Leeds Hospital   Married Sarah Morgan Branwood in Toxteth in 1915.

Albert lived with Caroline Jane Knell for a number of years (1893-1909ish) and they had 4 children.


Frederick Charles   b. 23 March 1872 Surrey   d. 1908 Southampton   Married Helen Thorburn Dundas in Shirley in 1900.


Caroline had been born in Littlehampton in 1847, and she passed away in Freemantle in 1884.

Albert was born in Christchurch in 1844 and he died in Southampton in 1921.


Rose was born in Totton in 1851 and she passed away in Freemantle in 1908.



Louisa Mabel   b. 1886 Freemantle   d. 1969 Southampton   Married William G. Hall in Southampton in 1914.


Basil   b. 18 May 1890 Freemantle   d. 1956 Southampton   Married Amy G. Primmer in Bishop’s Waltham in 1921.



The Battalion was formed in Newcastle on 14 November 1914 by the mayor and, by June 1915, was under the orders of the 103rd Brigade in the 34th Division.


Archibald, a railway porter, volunteered in May 1915 and probably landed with the Division in France in January 1916.


The battalion took part in major battles at Arras and Ypres, and was amalgamated with the 27th Battalion in August 1917, to form the 24/27th Battalion.


Archibald died on the first day of the Battle Of Cambrai, a day that was seen as a great success for the British and especially the tank divisions.


The village of Wancourt was captured on 12 April 1917 after very heavy fighting. The cemetery was opened about 22 April and was used until October 1918, but was in German hands from March 1918 until 26 August.


At the Armistice, the cemetery contained 410 graves but was greatly increased in the following years, when graves were brought in from the surrounding area.

It now contains 1,936 Commonwealth WW1 burials.


Archibald was buried with 13 of his battalion colleagues, all killed in the sector in November 1917.



Researcher: Mark Heritage
Published: 6th September 2016


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