|Date of birth:||24th March 1860|
|Place of birth:||Heigham, Norwich|
|Regiment / Division:||Royal Defence Corps|
|Battalion:||253rd Protection Company|
|Died:||14th December 1918 aged 58 years|
|Death location:||Sandhill Prisoner of War Camp, Bishop Lydeard, Somerset|
Life before the War
Henry’s parents were Joseph (b.1832 – d.18/02/1909) and Amelia – the census for 1861 indicates that Amelia was 2 years younger than her husband so her dob would be 1834 – d.1901. We are also unsure about her maiden name but believe it to be Burgess and that this was her name from her first marriage. Henry and Amelia were married on 10th September 1857 in Norwich. According to the 1861 census Joseph was a Merchant Clerk.
Joseph and Amelia had 4 sons and 4 daughters. Henry’s siblings were:
Joseph William b.1858 – d.1928. Married 1898 to Delia Jane Doddreall (b.1862 – d.1949) in Southampton.
Charles b.1864 – d.1870
Fannie b.1866 – d.1906. Never married.
Frank b.1868 – d.1940. Married in 1902 to Ada Juniper (b.1872 – d.1950) in Southampton.
Gertrude b.1875 – d.27/02/1956. Married in 1912 to James Slater (b.1876) in Southampton. In her probate dated 1956 Gertrude is a widow and her effects go to James Slater who must be her son.
On 8th December 1885 in Southampton Henry married Bessie, nee Heayns (b.1861 Southampton – d.1955 Middlesex). They had 1 son and 3 daughters, all of whom were born in Southampton:
Mabel Feodora b.1886
Lillian Bessie G b.1889 – d.1968. Married in 1918 to John Lockwood in Southampton.
Flora Annie b.1890
Ralph Henry b.12/12/1894 – d.1969. Married in 1917 to Hilda M Emmett in Portsmouth.
On the 1881 census Henry is residing as a lodger at 34 Manchester Street, Southampton.
By the 1891 census Henry is married and living with his wife and daughters Mabel and Lillian at 8 Cambridge Road, Southampton. He gives his occupation as a Civil Service Clerk at the Ordnance Survey. Henry’s sister Flora is also living with her brother’s family.
Ten years later, in the 1901 census, Henry with his wife and 4 children have moved again to Eaglehurst, Tennyson Road, Portswood, His occupation is now as a Civil Servant with the Ordnance Survey.
In the 1911 census there has been another move to 30 Denzil Avenue, Southampton where Henry and Bessie are living with 2 of their children. Henry’s occupation at this time is a Confidential Clerk at the Ordnance Survey.
Henry was awarded the Victory Medal and brtish War Medal. He is buried at Southampton Old Cemetery, Grave Ref. 91.O.63
In his probate Henry left £562 to his brothers Frank and Joseph. Bessie’s address at the time of Henry’s death was 9 Spring Road, Portswood Hill, Southampton, which is the same address as Henry’s probate so it is not clear why Henry left his effects to his brothers.
Henry is buried at Southampton Old Cemetery (see photograph of his gravestone) and is remembered on the Ordnance Survey Memorial, which was a glazed copper plaque mounted on a stone base and placed in the Ordnance Survey grounds. It was originally mounted on the side of an old building on the site. The Ordnance Survey has now relocated to a new site adjacent to the M271 on the west of Southampton and we are not sure if the plaque has been resited. It reads:
‘In Memory of those members of Ordnance Survey who gave their lives in the World Wars’
Henry died at Sandhill Park in Taunton, Somerset. This property was built in 1720 and was lived in by the Lethbridge family from 1767 to 1913. When war broke out in 1914 it was requisitioned by the War Office and used as a POW camp for German and Austrian officers between December 1916 and April 1918 when it ceased to be used as a POW camp. We are not able to clarify why Henry died here.
Albert Winkworth, who’s story features on this website, was also in the 253rd Protection Company. If you want to read more about Albert’s story please select the link to his name.
The Royal Defence Corps, with which Henry served, was a corps of the British Army formed in August 1917 and disbanded in 1936. It was initially formed by converting the (Home Service) Garrison battalions of line infantry regiments. Garrison battalions were composed of soldiers either too old or medically unfit for active front-line service (which may explain Henry’s involvement); the Home Service status indicated they were unable to be transferred overseas. Eighteen battalions were converted in this way. The role of the regiment was to provide troops for security and guard duties inside the United Kingdom; guarding important locations such as ports or bridges. It also provided independent companies for guarding prisoner-of-war camps. The regiment was never intended to be employed on overseas service.
|Updated:||Insert dates here|
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